Barbara Walters is an American broadcast journalist, author, and television personality. She has hosted morning television shows Today and The View, the television news magazine 20/20, co-anchored the ABC Evening News, and was a contributor to ABC News.
Barbara Walters (September 25, 1929-)
Walters first became known as a television personality when she was a writer and segment producer of "women's interest stories" on the morning NBC News program The Today Show, where she began work with host Hugh Downs in 1962, once even modeling a swimsuit when an expected model did not show up. Because of her excellent interviewing ability and her popularity with the viewers, and when other women left the program, she was eventually allowed more air time. Even though her production duties made her a significant contributor to the show, she had no input in choosing a successor for Hugh Downs when he left the show in 1971. Frank McGee was hired. Although his salary was twice hers, at Frank McGee's death in 1974, because of a clause added to her contract by her agent (a family friend), she acquired the title "co-host", the first woman by that title for any network news or public affairs program. Jim Hartz became her co-host. Two years later, continuing as a pioneer for women, she became the first female co-anchor of any network evening news, working with Harry Reasoner on the ABC News flagship program ABC Evening News (List of ABC Evening News anchors).
From 1979 to 2004, Walters worked as co-host and producer for the ABC newsmagazine 20/20, again appearing with Hugh Downs. From 1976 to 2010, she contributed as an anchor, reporter, and correspondent for ABC News, along with producing and hosting her own special interview programs several times yearly. Beginning in 1997, she has created, and appears as co-host on,The View. Walters retired from ABC News and as co-host of The View on May 16, 2014.
In 1996, Walters was ranked #34 on the TV Guide "50 Greatest TV Stars of All Time".
Mrs. Santa Claus
Image Source: costomes.lovetoknow.com
Mrs. Jolly-O Saint Nick!
Mrs. Claus is the wife of Santa Claus. She is known for making cookies with the elves, caring for the reindeer, and preparing toys with her husband. Her first name is a mystery, though she has been referred to as Mary, Annalina,Jessica, Layla, Ahoop, Seeki, Martha,Kasey, Juliana and Gretchen and Santarina.
Since 1889, Mrs. Claus has been generally depicted in media as a fairly heavy-set, kindly, white-haired elderly female baking cookies. She sometimes assists in toy production, and oversees Santa's elves. Today, Mrs. Claus is commonly seen in cartoons, on greeting cards, in knick-knacks such as Christmas tree ornaments, dolls, and salt and pepper shakers, in storybooks, in seasonal school plays and pageants, in parades, in department store "Santa Lands" as a character adjacent to the throned Santa Claus, in television programs, and live action and animated films that deal with Christmas and the world of Santa Claus. Her personality tends to be fairly consistent; she is usually seen as a calm, kind, and patient woman, often in contrast to Santa himself, who can be prone to acting too exuberant.
Introducing Ms. Lucille Ball!
I Love Lucy!!
Working as a dress model and on Broadway chorus-lines, she became the Chesterfield Cigarette Girl model in 1933 and became an Goldwyn Girl in the Eddie Cantor film musical, 'Roman Scandals'. She continued to struggle throughout the 1930s, with minor parts in films such as 'Stage Door', 'Room Service' and 'Sorrowful Jones'.
On the set of a 1940 production called 'Too Many Girls', she met her future husband and business partner, Desi Arnaz. They were soon married.
Ball turned her hand to radio, she recorded many programmes, finally developing a truly individual style in 1948, with 'My Favourite Husband'.
In an effort to save her troubled marriage, she persuaded studio bosses to let her co-create a TV show with Arnaz in 1950. The show was to become 'I Love Lucy', and she shot to fame.
‘I Love Lucy’ is still one of the most successful shows in television history, it made Lucy a star and the couple millions. They bought out the studio and renamed it Desi-lu.
In 1951, just a few days before her 40th birthday and after several miscarriages, Ball gave birth to her first child Lucie Desiree Arnaz. Just 18 months later she gave birth to her second child Desiderio Alberto Arnaz JR.
After making two films together, they ended 'I Love Lucy' in 1957, while it was still at its peak. Sadly, their marriage ended too and Lucy and Arnaz divorced in 1960. Ball went to on marry nightclub comic Gary Morton.
In addition to making a host of television shows throughout the 1960s and 1970s, Ball becoming a powerful TV executive, she was the guiding light behind such projects as 'Star Trek' and 'Mission: Impossible'.
Ball’s last television appearance was at the Academy Awards in 1989 with Bob Hope. The 'First Lady of Television' died only weeks later on 26 April 1989 after undergoing heart surgery to fix an aortic aneurysm, which ruptured for a second time killing her.
Lucy is still remembered fondly, her famous ‘chocolate scene’ in ‘I Love Lucy’ remains one of television’s all-time highlights.
American Actress, Model, Singer. American sex symbol.
She was born, Norma Jeane Mortenson, on 1 June 1926 in the Los Angeles County Hospital, She lived with a number of foster parents, as her mother was mentally unstable, until her mother's best friend Grace McKee became her guardian.
McKee was inspired by Jean Harlow and allowed the nine-year-old Norma to wear makeup and curl her hair, until McKee married and sent Norma Jean to an orphanage.
At 16, married a 21-year-old aircraft plant worker, Jim Dougherty. The couple divorced four years later. By this time she had begun modeling bathing suits and, after bleaching her hair blonde, was posing for pin-ups and glamour photos.
20th Century-Fox, signed her to a contract - at $125 per week for six months - and changed her name to Marilyn Monroe.
After appearing in small parts in films including 'Love Happy' and 'All About Eve', Monroe found fame in 1953 with 'Niagara', 'Gentlemen Prefer Blondes' and 'How To Marry a Millionaire'. That same year, she began dating baseball player Jo DiMaggio, and a nude spread of her appeared in the debut issue of Playboy magazine. Monroe had hit stardom.
In 1954, she eloped with DiMaggio - a union which was only to last eight months - before filming 'There's No Business Like Show Business' and 'The Seven-Year Itch', the latter featuring the classic scene in which she stood over a subway grating, skirt billowing. She applied for divorce from DiMaggio.
Monroe's work began to slow down, but critics praised her acting in 1956 film 'Bus Stop'. She married playwright Arthur Miller the same year, divorcing him four years later. In the meantime, she fell prey to alcohol and pills, and suffered two miscarriages.
After a year off in 1958, Marilyn returned to the silver screen for smash comedy 'Some Like It Hot'.
'The Misfits', written by husband Miller, was to be her final film.
On 19 May 1962, the actress attended the early birthday celebration of John F Kennedy at Madison Square Gardens, singing 'Happy Birthday Mr President' in a performance that became legendary.
She went into seclusion and on 5 August 1962, she was found dead at her home of an overdose of sleeping pills, aged 36. The verdict was suicide but has always been disputed, with countless conspiracy theories triggered by alleged affairs with brothers John F and Robert Kennedy.
Monroe has been portrayed by a number of actresses over the years, including Michelle Williams in 2011's 'My Week With Marilyn'.
Madame C.J. Walker (1867-1919)
Born Sarah Breedlove, she created a line of beauty products for African-American women, eventually employing almost 3,000 women and becoming, it is believed, the first black woman millionaire in the United States.
Entrepreneur Madam C.J. Walker was born Sarah Breedlove on a cotton plantation to former slaves in Delta, Louisiana. She was an orphan by age seven and worked in cotton fields with her older sister to survive.
In her early life, he supported her family by washing laundry and she used her earning as a laundress to pay for her daughter’s education at Knoxville College. In 1889, Walker moved to St. Louis to look for better work. She became a saleswoman for a black hair-care entrepreneur named Annie Turnbo Malone who employed black women to sell her products door-to-door. After experiencing severe hair loss herself, Walker experimented with her own hair formulas. When she perfected a formula she called “Wonderful Hair Grower,” she decided to try her luck at creating her own business.
In 1905, she moved to Denver. She renamed herself “Madame C.J. Walker,” and used her third husband, Charles Joseph Walker’s advertising expertise to build a mail-order business. After divorcing her husband, Walker relocated to Indianapolis in 1910. After years of hard work, she had established a factory, training schools, and a national network of licensed sales agents selling her product. Her company would become known as the Walker Company. It was composed of 20,000 men and women agents in the U.S., Central America, and the Caribbean. The total sales of her company during the final year of her life reached over $500,000, and with the value of her personal assets, she had accumulated a worth of over one million dollars.
In addition to running a lucrative business, Walker was a noted philanthropist. She made donations to the YMCA and worked with the NAACP as well as donated money to many causes such as the anti-lynching movement. She became a strong advocate of Black women’s economic independence and her personal business philosophy stressed economic independence for all women. She used her wealth and status to work toward political and social rights for African Americans and women.
Source: National Women's History Museum
Rosie The Riveter
Rosie the Riveter is a cultural icon of the United States, representing the American women who worked in factories during World War II, many of whom produced munitions and war supplies. These women sometimes took entirely new jobs replacing the male workers who were in the military. Rosie the Riveter is commonly used as a symbol of feminism and women's economic power.
“Queen of All Media”
Oprah is known to be the most influential woman in the world.
Oprah is an American media proprietor, talk show host, actress, producer and philanthropist.
Winfrey was born into poverty in rural Mississippi, raped at age nine and became pregnant at 14. She lost her son in pregnancy. An avid reader and great student, she landed a job in radio while still in high school and began co-anchoring the local evening news at the age of 19. She was so good with her delivery, she soon got transferred to the daytime-talk-show arena. Winfrey is best known for her multi-award-winning talk show The Oprah Winfrey Show which was the highest-rated program of its kind in history and was nationally syndicated from 1986 to 2011. After boosting a third-rated local Chicago talk show to first place, she launched her own production company and became internationally syndicated. She did this by reinventing her show to focus on literature, self-improvement, and spirituality. She is often praised for overcoming adversity to become a benefactor to others. She has been ranked the richest African-American of the 20th century, the greatest black philanthropist in American history and is currently North America's only black billionaire. In 2013, she was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President Barack Obama and an honorary doctorate degree from Harvard.
Dorothy Jean Dandridge (November 9, 1922 – September 8, 1965) was an African-American film and theatre actress, singer and dancer. She is perhaps best known for being the first black actress to be nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actress for her performance in the 1954 film Carmen Jones. Dandridge performed as a vocalist in venues such as the Cotton Club and the Apollo Theater. During her early career, she performed as a part of The Wonder Children, later The Dandridge Sisters and appeared in a succession of films, usually in uncredited roles. In 1954, she was nominated for the Best Actress Oscar for her performance in Carmen Jones, and, in 1959, she was nominated for a Golden Globe Award for Porgy and Bess. She is the subject of the 1999 HBO biographical film, Introducing Dorothy Dandridge lead and directed by actress Halle Berry. She has been recognized with a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
By: Amanda Kay
Harriet Tubman did not allow her hardships to dictate her whole entire life. Born into slavery, having being bought and sold as property, she escaped her master in 1849. She did what many other escaped slaves could not do. She decided to risk her life and help other slaves escape slavery with the help of the Underground Railroad. It has been documented that she led over 300 slaves to freedom over a period of 11 years. She was the most wanted woman in the south, her capture dead or alive was $40,000. Her work didn't end when the Civil War began, she served as a nurse, and she remained a tireless advocate for civil and human rights movement up to her death in 1913. Widely known and well-respected while she was alive, after her death she became an American icon. She is frequently referred to as the “Moses of her people” for her tireless efforts at freeing slaves, even at great personal danger to herself, serving as an inspiration for future generations of civil right activists.
View Woman blog
WE EDUCATE AND EMPOWER WOMEN!